Chemotherapy in Jaipur

Chemotherapy in Jaipur

Chemotherapy: Treatment of Cancer with anti-cancer drugs and medicines.
Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent or it may aim to prolong life or to reduce symptoms (palliative chemotherapy).
Mechanism of Action of Chemotherapy: By inhibiting the process of cell division known as mitosis and destroying cells
Chemotherapy Regimen:

  • Concurrent chemotherapy: the use of chemotherapy drugs with other cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy.
  • Induction chemotherapy is the first line treatment of cancer with a chemotherapeutic drug. This type of chemotherapy is used for curative intent.
  • Consolidation chemotherapy is given after remission in order to prolong the overall disease-free time and improve overall survival. The drug that is administered is the same as the drug that achieved remission.
  • Intensification chemotherapy is identical to consolidation chemotherapy but a different drug than the induction chemotherapy is used.
  • Neoadjuvant chemotherapy is given prior to a local treatment such as surgery, and is designed to shrink the primary tumor.
  • Adjuvant chemotherapy is given after a local treatment (radiotherapy or surgery) to prevent recurrence.
  • Maintenance chemotherapy is a repeated low-dose treatment to prolong remission.
  • Salvage chemotherapy or palliative chemotherapy is given without curative intent, but simply to decrease tumor load and symptoms and increase life expectancy.

Side-Effects:

Many of the side effects of chemotherpy can be traced to damage to normal cells and results in the most common side-effects of chemotherapy: myelosuppression (decreased production of blood cells: Neutropenia, Thrmbocytopenia, immunosuppression) Nausea, Vomitting, Fatigue, Mucositis (inflammation of the lining of the digestive tract), and alopecia (hair loss).